Today is National Manufacturing Day!

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National Manufacturing Day is about embracing the ingenuity of New York City’s manufacturers. From Williamsburg’s iconic Brooklyn Brewery to Precision Metal Fabricators at Gowanus, to newer creators like Jacques Torres and Makerbot, making things has always been a part of who we are as New Yorkers.

There are lots of events, talks and tours happening across the 5 boroughs in celebration of Manufacturing Day and we encourage you to take full advantage! In honor of New York City’s historic sector, the MGIS Team at the New York City Economic Development Corporation is excited to present a longitudinal comparison of the city’s manufacturing industries as it was in 1922 and as it looks today. The comparison is of establishment numbers and geographic spread of key manufacturing subsectors such as Food & Beverage, Textile, Apparel & Leather Goods etc.

Industrial Map of New York City, Then

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Source:
New York Public Library Map Divsions (Merchants’ Association of New York (Map – 1922)

 

Industrial Map of New York City, Now

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Source:
Data overlay created by MGIS Team at New York City Economic Development Corporation. Data Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2012. Base map: New York Public Library Map Divions (Merchants’ Association of New York (Map – 1922))

Announcing Phase 2 of Making it Here: Learning from New York’s Industrial Legacy

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Industrial map of New York City : showing manufacturing industries, concentration, distribution, character / prepared by the Industrial Bureau of the Merchants' Association of New York. Via NYPL: http://maps.nypl.org/warper/maps/14895 

The explosive growth of manufacturing in the late 19th and early 20th centuries left an indelible mark on the five boroughs. While New York is now known for its dominance in fields like finance, media, and design, it grew up as a city of industrial districts. Back when the manufacturing sector was one of the primary forces driving the city’s economy, residential and commercial development often followed the factories. This was a time when neighborhoods were known as much for what they produced as for who lived there.

As shown in the infographic above [NYPL], which is exhibited in Vertical Urban Factory, the city’s core circa 1919 was a melange of crosshatched manufacturing clusters. Not only did many of these clusters overlap with each other, they mixed right in with the city’s residential and commercial sectors. In 1919, New York City was home to 32,590 factories in neighborhoods across the city, employing a total of 825,056 people. But while this meant that many New Yorkers were able to walk to work, the soot, smells, and clamorous sounds of the factory also followed them home. The city’s earliest zoning regulation, in part, was intended to create more distance between noxious industrial sites and the places where people lived. “Until the early twentieth century most urban areas had unrestricted uses,” explains Vertical Urban Factory‘s Nina Rappaport. “The first zoning regulations in New York were put in place in 1916 to separate noxious uses from residential areas, to provide for healthier living. This gradually placed noxious uses in low income areas, or the industrial areas that developed became sequestered. This separated industry and workers from the everyday, removing diversity from city life.”

Much of the industry that once defined neighborhoods across the city is gone. Today, more than 75,000 people are employed in the manufacturing sector in New York, less than 10% of the number from 1919; relative to population, 14.6% of New Yorkers had manufacturing jobs in 1919, while that number is now just 0.8%. Not long after World War II, the creation of the Interstate highway system, the rise of container shipping, and suburbanization all worked in tandem to decentralize industrial production across the country. Many manufacturers—in New York and nationwide—decamped from urban centers for cheaper quarters on the edge of town.

More recently, the value of the land under New York’s old industrial districts has gone through the roof as those areas have been re-zoned to make way for residential and commercial re-development. One could be forgiven for thinking that this was a simple case of supply and demand: industrial businesses left the city, and the city, in turn, re-zoned its land to respond to changing needs. The truth is a bit more complicated. While some firms were happy to leave, the story on the ground within the five boroughs in 2014 is not one of manufacturers searching for exit strategies.

In fact, the opposite is true. Today, revitalized factory complexes like those explored during the first phase of Making it Here, which have been retrofitted to provide small and mid-sized spaces needed by contemporary manufacturers catering to specialized niche markets, are typically at or near 100% leased. For a variety of reasons—including, increasingly, quality of life—these manufacturing businesses want to stay in New York. The trouble is, neighborhoods that once welcomed them have changed so dramatically that the demand for usable manufacturing space is acute. Far from fleeing the city, many companies are actually being pushed out.

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The second phase of Open House New York and New York City Economic Development Corporation‘s Making it Here series will take New Yorkers into the streets of historically industrial districts with expert guides to better understand how these areas are changing, and how the city could incorporate manufacturing spaces back into mixed-use neighborhoods. This phase will also give New Yorkers a chance to walk the factory floors of legacy manufacturing companies to learn about how businesses have adapted over time in order to remain in New York—and why they chose to stay in the first place.

Why has space for manufacturing businesses disappeared so quickly that demand now exceeds supply? And what can we learn about the nature of that demand from the legacy manufacturers who have overcome so many challenges in their effort to stay put? This summer, Making it Here will visit the following sites in search of answers to these questions:

Edison Price Lighting Factory Tour
Long Island City, Queens

Wednesday, July 16 / 2:15 PM
Edison Price Lighting has designed and manufactured innovative, energy-efficient architectural lighting fixtures since 1952. Join Vertical Urban Factory curator and project director Nina Rappaport for a tour of the Edison Price factory to learn about how the company adapted its business model over time, working directly with architects and designers and specializing in highly customized lighting fixtures. Click here to purchase tickets for this tour.

National Elevator Cab & Door Factory Tour
Woodside, Queens
Friday, August 1 / 9:00 AM & 11:00 AM
In an old art deco factory building off the R-train in Queens, National Elevator Cab & Door Corp builds the elevator cabs that carry millions of New Yorkers every day. Learn about how the city’s uniquely robust demand for vertical transportation has allowed this family-owned and operated manufacturing business to grow in place during its more than eighty-year history.

Red Hook Neighborhood Tour
Red Hook, Brooklyn

Friday, August 8 / 3:00 PM
Walk the streets of Red Hook with urban manufacturing experts from the Pratt Center for Community Development and the Southwest Brooklyn Industrial Development Corporation to explore a unique mix of historic spaces and innovative businesses.  This tour will focus on land use issues in an industrial neighborhood and the relationships between design and production.

Port Morris Neighborhood Tour
Port Morris, Bronx

Friday, August 15 / 12:00 PM
In response to increasing real estate speculation in industrial districts amidst the re-zonings of the mid-2000s, the Bloomberg Administration created sixteen Industrial Business Zones (IBZs) in the four outer boroughs that are preserved for industrial uses. Join Stephane Hyacinthe of SoBRO, the organization that manages all five Bronx IBZs, for a tour of three factories in the historic Port Morris area to learn more about how space for manufacturers is being safeguarded in the South Bronx.

Martin Greenfield Clothiers Factory Tour
East Williamsburg, Brooklyn

Monday, August 18 / 10:00 AM
Martin Greenfield, a Brooklyn manufacturer of hand tailored men’s clothing, founded Martin Greenfield Clothiers in 1977 when he bought the factory from his former employer, GGG Clothes, which had occupied the site since 1917. Tour the factory floor with Vice President Tod Greenfield to learn about how this family-owned and operated business has survived in New York by focusing on high-quality production, and how the company has worked with other local manufacturers to help protect industrial space in the neighborhood over the past several decades, despite mounting redevelopment pressures.

Long Island City Neighborhood Tour
Long Island City, Queens

Late Summer / Date & Time TBD
Vertical Urban Factory’s Nina Rappaport leads a walking tour of Long Island City that looks at the area’s history as an industrial powerhouse, and its evolution into a high-density, mixed-use neighborhood today. Explore a series of artisanal manufacturing spaces to see how the area’s status as a hub for the arts and design community has allowed certain types of manufacturing to thrive here despite the massive changes experienced over the past few decades.

Please visit the Schedule page for more information about registering for individual tours.

 

Urban Manufacturing Q&A: Miquela Craytor, New York City Economic Development Corporation

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In the fall of 2013, New York City Economic Development Corporation (NYCEDC)’s Industrial Desk team, led by VP for Industrial Initiatives and Income Mobility Miquela Craytor, released the State of Local Manufacturing report under the banner of NYCEDC’s NYCrafted program. The report provides a detailed but accessible snapshot of what the sector looks like today: from the average makeup of manufacturing businesses that are choosing to make things in the city today, to which areas of the sector that are growing, to how New York stacks up against other major cities across the country. The following is an edited transcript of a conversation between Craytor and OHNY, and is part of an ongoing series of Q&As with experts on urban manufacturing that augments OHNY and NYCEDC’s’s Making it Here series.

Looking at the State of Local Manufacturing, it seems like, after a long period of decline, the city’s manufacturing sector is actually starting to stabilize; some sectors are even starting to grow again. What areas of this sector, specifically, are growing right now, and what does the success of those subsectors tell us about how manufacturing in the city is changing?

Food and beverage manufacturing is the bright shining star right now, and there are a couple of potential reasons for that growth. Part of it is the rising interest in food security, part is the interest in eating food that is locally grown or produced. You see this in the growth of farmers markets, and markets in general. Markets have definitely contributed to that sub-sector of manufacturers finding a really strong foothold here in New York City. A place this dynamic and large has a very opinionated customer base, so there’s naturally a larger set of people demanding that kind of smaller niche product.

Another interesting piece of data that we came across is that, across the manufacturing sector, there are fewer employees, but there are more firms. [This is enabled by larger trends in] technology and design: with the growing accessibility of design tools, open source resources, and online marketplaces like Etsy, businesses are able to rapidly get their products to market without some of the barriers that have traditionally made it more difficult for newer companies to break into the marketplace. The city also has a really great talent pool of designers and design appreciators. That doesn’t necessarily apply to one cluster or sub-sector, but you see a lot of new niche manufacturers emerging now as a result of that base.

There are also a lot of older firms that have adopted new forms of technology in order to survive. That is often overlooked or understated, and has happened more frequently than the average New Yorker, to the extent that they think about this stuff, might have necessarily realized. You might think that if a company has been around for fifty years they’re probably antiquated or old-school. Sometimes that’s the case, but more often than not, legacy manufacturers have had to adopt some sort of new technologies, whether it’s managing their inventories and implementing more just-in-time manufacturing processes, or becoming more efficient in the materials they’re using. This is not necessarily a new trend, but it’s a piece of the puzzle that we became familiar with as we worked on this report.

"Food and beverage manufacturing is the bright shining star right now." / Photo: Daniella Shin

“Food and beverage manufacturing is the bright shining star right now.” (Photo: Daniella Shin)

How is all of this impacting the physical spaces that manufacturers occupy, both in terms of the buildings that they’re in and the neighborhoods where manufacturing is taking place?

Manufacturing companies, as they become more efficient and adopt new technologies, are able to reduce their environmental impact. In a very densely populated place like New York City, that makes it possible for these businesses to coexist with other uses in a way that doesn’t create as many conflicts as it may have eighty plus years ago. So the increases in efficiency in manufacturing are not just about the overall operational efficiency of a given company, they can reduce that company’s environmental impact, so that it can be seen as a better neighbor, and a source of less conflict [within a mixed-use area].

One continued challenge is less about what happens inside your facility and more about how you get your products out to market. Manufacturers are more willing to go to upper stories than they once were, but for any industrial business that’s trying to move goods around this city, our streets are already packed; trucks have a difficult time navigating here, and they’re not necessarily ideal when you consider things like the city’s attempts to encourage biking and the greening of space. We’re not going to be able to build a bunch of new streets, so that’s an ongoing challenge that the city needs to think more thoughtfully about.

As manufacturers become more attracted to different types of vertical mixed-use spaces, and digital platforms—you mentioned Etsy—make it easier for more small, niche firms to enter the market, is it fair to say that urban manufacturing is actually getting more diffuse?

In terms of the trend where we’re seeing more of these innovative start-up companies, New York City is a very attractive place for them largely because of the talent pool that is here, but also the supply of buildings that have that sort of creative essence that these types of groups want to be in. A lot of these firms are really turned off by the idea of working in a high rise, even if it was a class B commercial space. In terms of thinking about building typologies that are appropriate for companies in this new wave of manufacturers, being in a multi story building is not a bad thing. There’s a sense of community in many of these [retrofitted industrial buildings] that new companies want to be a part of, and that sets them apart from more traditional manufacturers.

That works for a while at a certain stage of your growth as a company, but it will be interesting, looking toward the future, to see how and whether can we make sure that, if these companies hit growth spurts, we can still have spaces that they can move into. That’s something that we’re looking at here at NYCEDC, on the policy side, so that the city can continue to support these companies through their whole life trajectory, not just during their start-up phase.

"There’s a sense of community in many of these [retrofitted industrial buildings] that new companies want to be a part of, and that sets them apart from more traditional manufacturers." / Photo: OHNY

“There’s a sense of community in many of these [retrofitted industrial buildings] that new companies want to be a part of, and that sets them apart from more traditional manufacturers.” (Photo: OHNY)

That brings us to an interesting subject that a lot of New Yorkers probably know very little about: the Industrial Business Zone. What, exactly, is an IBZ?

Industrial Business Zones were a policy program that was started back in late 2005 and went into effect in 2006. Initially the city created a total of 16 IBZs; in the past year we’ve added five more. These 21 areas are located in all of the boroughs except Manhattan. IBZs can only exist within an area that’s zoned for manufacturing, aka an M-zone; they do not change the existing land use. The process to define the boundary lines of these areas is somewhat rigorous, and is governed by the city’s administrative law code. [IBZs aren’t actually formal zoning rules, but] if the city wants to create new IBZs or expand or contract existing IBZs, they have to follow a set of very specific steps in order to consider those changes or modifications.

The IBZ program was primarily created as an outcome of many businesses being concerned that the areas where they were located were going to be rezoned to other uses, like residential, and that they would be pushed out of the city. The program is a way of telling industrial business communities that they are still valued, and that we still want them around.

How do you explain to people why, at a time when it can be so much more profitable to build a condo tower or a hotel, it’s important for the city to make space for manufacturing?

Manufacturing companies tend to pay, on average, a much higher wage compared to other industries where you don’t need a four-year degree. Looking at that wage trajectory, and ensuring that the types of companies that offer good wages for someone without a degree, from a policy perspective, is something that this administration really believes in. The overall benefit to the city of having these jobs here is that these are living wage jobs; there is so much talk about the hollowing out of the middle class, and these are the jobs that can create some level of stability for the New Yorkers who are still pursuing that so-called American Dream.

We think that the city is at a very exciting inflection point. With the new administration, we’re at that point at which we can really send strong indicators to this part of the city’s economy and ensure that these companies feel welcomed and encouraged to stay, and also that they have access to additional tools and resources to grow to the extent they want to, and to become sustainable in the full sense of the word—not only for their bottom line, but for the communities which they’re a part of. There are a lot of things that go into that, and what’s exciting about the Making it Here series of tours, and the conversations that are coming out of them, is that it is helping to re-paint [the picture that New Yorkers have of] what the city’s industrial landscape looks like, how it’s evolved, and where it’s potentially headed.

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“With the new administration, we’re at that point at which we can really send strong indicators to this part of the city’s economy and ensure that these companies feel welcomed and encouraged to stay.” (Photo: OHNY)

Tour Recap: Brooklyn Army Terminal

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While many of New York City’s waterfront neighborhoods have undergone dramatic change over the past decade, Sunset Park, Brooklyn, still looks and feels like a solid, working class industrial neighborhood. The streets are lined with simple but attractive rowhouses, alternately framing views of ships passing by on the harbor, or the towering facades of industrial complexes like Industry City and the gargantuan Brooklyn Army Terminal (BAT).

At BAT, New York City Economic Development Corporation (NYCEDC) has spent the past three decades on a multi-phased renovation, re-activating more than three million square feet of once mothballed industrial space. Today, the usable space is 100% leased, to a mix of commercial and industrial tenants. On May 20th, Open House New York organized a tour of BAT as part of the Making it Here series on contemporary manufacturing spaces in New York City. The tour served as an opportunity to learn about how NYCEDC, OHNY’s lead partner on MIH, has leveraged this unique public asset to provide dedicated space for industrial and manufacturing businesses at a prime location.

BAT, designed by Cass Gilbert (of Woolworth Building fame) and opened in 1919, was originally built by the US Army to house soldiers and distribute supplies around the world. It was the largest military supply base through WWII, but had been decommissioned by 1975. Since 1984, when the city purchased BAT from the Army, NYCEDC has invested more than $165 million to transform the two main buildings of the 95-acre complex into a major employment center with a diverse tenant base of more than one hundred businesses, including dozens of manufacturers.

NYCEDC Vice President of Industrial Initiatives and Income Mobility Miquela Craytor (center-right) welcomed the group. (Photo: Daniella Shin)

NYCEDC Vice President of Industrial Initiatives and Income Mobility Miquela Craytor (center-right) welcomed the group. (Photo: Daniella Shin)

In fact, on the very morning of the Making it Here tour, BAT played host to a press conference where NYCEDC President Kyle Kimball and Mayor Bill de Blasio announced a commitment by the city of $100 million to renovate the last 500,000 square feet of unused space in the complex, which could add thousands of additional jobs to the 3,600 that are already on-site.

Later that afternoon, OHNY tour participants gathered in the lobby of Building B, a large space that was recently renovated to add a café and seating areas where workers from the many companies located within BAT can meet and mingle. The lobby is flooded with natural light thanks to floor-to-ceiling windows that look out into the iconic atrium through which trains moved more than 37 million tons of military supplies during the half-century that the Army occupied the complex.

Out in that soaring atrium space, Miquela Craytor, Vice President of Industrial Initiatives and Income Mobility teams at NYCEDC, used the State of Local Manufacturing report (October 2013) as a jumping-off point to explain how the city has responded to the local effects of the decline that has taken place in domestic manufacturing over the past few decades, as globalization has kicked into high gear.

An old railroad car was brought into the atrium during one of the renovation phases, and serves as a reminder of the soaring space's past use. (Photo: Daniella Shin)

An old railroad car was brought into the atrium during one of the renovation phases, and serves as a reminder of the soaring space’s past use. (Photo: Daniella Shin)

NYCEDC is able to provide space for mid-sized manufacturers (which typically require blocks of 15-40,000 square feet) thanks to its status as a public-private entity, which allows it to use the unique metric of jobs per square foot of usable space, rather than profit per square foot, to measure success. Just three years ago, BAT employed one person for every 1,200 square feet of usable space within its walls; today, that number has risen to one job for every 500 square feet of space. Continuing that process, Craytor attested, requires the transitioning of more warehouse space to light industrial use.

Once the stage had been set, tour participants split into two small groups and took turns visiting two manufacturers within Building B: Riva Precision and Jacques Torres Chocolates.

A worker at Jacques Torres Chocolates, somehow managing not to eat everything coming off of what may be the world's most delicious conveyer belt. (Photo: Daniella Shin)

A factory worker at Jacques Torres Chocolates, somehow managing to resist eating everything coming off of what may be the world’s most delicious conveyer belt. (Photo: Daniella Shin)

Up in Jacques Torres’ lofty chocolate factory, one could be forgiven for thinking they had stumbled into a Modernist interpretation of a Roald Dahl story. The space is full of clean white walls and shiny metal surfaces, and entrance is gained to the factory floor via a shoe-washing machine, a bristly contraption that provides a sensation suggestive of a walk over quicksand. Jacques himself led the OHNY groups around the facility, and even managed to work in a crack about the number of Oompa Loompas he has on staff. (It’s 10, in case you’re wondering.)

Jacques Torres, himself, (left) lead the tour of his facility. (Photo: Daniella Shin)

Jacques Torres, himself, (left) lead the tour of his facility, providing generously frequent samples along the way. (Photo: Daniella Shin)

Jacques’ facility at BAT, which just opened this past year, produces a variety of sweet treats that are then distributed to half a dozen stores around the city. The new factory has everything from giant machines for roasting thousands of almonds, to a cookie room that puts out 80 cookies every minute. There are also supportive spaces for accounting, product photography, and marketing: “Everything needed to support the manufacturing,” Jacques says. “It’s all right on site.”

The cookie room produces more than 80 cookies per minute! (Photo: Daniella Shin)

The cookie room produces more than 80 cookies per minute! (Photo: Daniella Shin)

Asked by a tour participant why he chose to keep his manufacturing business in New York City, despite the challenges presented by a search for an affordable, mid-sized industrial space, Jacques gave a short, impromptu speech outlining some of the key benefits of contemporary urban manufacturing: quality control and quality of life. “I like my life,” he began. “I like to have time for pleasure. If I opened up in another region, I’d have to spend my time traveling, and that’s it! Here, I can go to every one of my stores in one day. Do I really need to go get business in Las Vegas? My ego may tell me yes, but I think, maybe not.”

At Riva Precision, the group was met by CEO Ted Doudak. Informed that there was a short window of 15-20 minutes for the tour of his facility, Ted flashed a shocked smile. “Fifteen minutes! Fifteen minutes! Oh, we’ll need bikes!”

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Riva Precision occupies 37,000 square feet of space on the sixth floor of Building B. (Photo: Daniella Shin)

Indeed, Riva’s 37,000-square-foot factory, to which the company re-located this past year after two decades in Long Island City, is cavernous–more than 15,000 square feet larger than their LIC facility had been. Most of the machines and workstations, which produce high-quality jewelry for clients like Tiffany & Co., are located in a single large room. One of the most fascinating machines produces the tiny, fine platinum chains often used in necklaces and bracelets, rapidly blasting a thin metal rod with a tiny laser beam to create and fuse each link around the previous one in barely a second. Riva is also home to a row of bulky computer numerical control (CNC) machines. Ted was pleased to inform the group that he had worked out a partnership with a tool maker next door to share the use of the CNC machines. When Riva isn’t using them, they often produce a variety of metal tools, allowing both manufacturers to share in the costs of owning and operating these very high-tech pieces of machinery, and illustrating another important benefit of co-location for manufacturing businesses that often require expensive equipment.

Ted Doudak explains the use of the "lost wax method" in jewelry production. (Photo: Daniella Shin)

Ted L explains the use of the “lost wax method” in jewelry production. (Photo: Daniella Shin)

Ted was a fan of BAT for many of the same reasons that Jacques had listed, and quality of life was, yet again, an important consideration in Riva’s re-location; Ted (and many of his employees) live within walking distance. At the end of the day, this seemed to be one of the key takeaways from the tour: far from detracting from the livability of the surrounding neighborhood, BAT is an amenity, providing a range of jobs for New Yorkers at different skill levels within walking distance of affordable housing and mass transportation.

A factory worker at Riva Precision mans a machine that uses tiny laser blasts to create fine chain link. (Photo: Daniella Shin)

A factory worker at Riva Precision mans a machine that uses tiny laser blasts to create fine chain link. (Photo: Daniella Shin)

After the tour, workers could be seen hanging out on the patio in front of the neighboring Building A, where the complex’s managers had set up picnic tables with a panoramic view of the harbor. If there is room for manufacturing in contemporary New York, it will need to fit into the diverse weave of mixed uses that make up the city’s urban fabric, rather than standing off to the side, by itself. At BAT, it is easy to start to imagine how this might look.

Riva's facility looks out over the Sunset Park neighborhood of south Brooklyn, a solid, working class neighborhood. (Photo: Daniella Shin)

Riva’s facility looks out over the Sunset Park neighborhood of south Brooklyn, a solid, working class neighborhood. (Photo: Daniella Shin)

Introduction: Making it Here

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How does manufacturing occupy space in the city today? The massive factories that made New York City a productive powerhouse around the turn of the last century are mostly gone, but the city’s unique complexity has allowed a host of increasingly specialized manufacturing firms to thrive and proliferate. Indeed, after decades of decline, parts of the city’s manufacturing sector are starting to grow again as a host of new social and technological forces are transforming the manufacturing sector into something more diffuse, diverse, and dynamic.

Open House New York is excited to announce the launch of Making it Here, a yearlong series of programs that explores manufacturing in the city today: what it looks like, how it works, and why it is so important to the future of New York. Through tours, talks, and other programs, New Yorkers will have a chance to visit and learn about how older industrial buildings, once considered outmoded, are being retrofitted to create spaces that reflect the changing needs of a manufacturing ecosystem that better integrates the design and production processes, as well as how some legacy manufacturers have adapted their businesses to shifting market dynamics, allowing them to thrive in place over time. Making it Here will also tour the spaces where entrepreneurs, technologists, and inventors are re-imagining manufacturing right here in the heart of the city through the development of new technologies like peer-to-peer platforms and 3D printing.

Making it Here marks the first time that OHNY has organized an entire series of programming around a specific theme, leveraging OHNY’s capacity for offering access and experience to give the public the unique opportunity to explore a single issue over many months. “As we know from the enormous audiences that attend OHNY Weekend and our other year-round programs, there is an intense interest among the public in better understanding New York: its buildings, its systems, its public spaces,” explains OHNY executive director Gregory Wessner. “In exploring a subject as broad as manufacturing, our goal is to give people a chance to learn about the city through the same kind of direct experience we offer in all of our programs, especially about an issue that is so important to the health and vitality of the city.”

In providing access to a system that often exists off of many New Yorkers’ radars, Making it Here will serve as a platform for a public discussion about how manufacturing fits into the five boroughs. The popular conception of the factory as a place of soot-belching smokestacks and dreary assembly lines obscures a fast-changing reality that necessitates a deeper public understanding of what making space for manufacturing in our neighborhoods means for our quality of life.

“While the noise and pollution associated with production has often isolated manufacturing to the city’s urban edges and the hinterlands, significant technological changes could make re-integration of manufacturing spaces into more mixed-use neighborhoods possible, and even desirable, in the near future,” says architecture critic and Vertical Urban Factory curator and project director Nina Rappaport. “When people actually have the chance to visit the manufacturing spaces that exist in New York City today and see them firsthand, it becomes evident that zoning needs to accommodate new and diverse uses for new kinds of manufacturing.”

Brooklyn Army Terminal_Nicolas Lemery Nantel

To expand the reach of Making it Here, the OHNY Blog will feature interviews throughout the year with a broad range of experts to shed light on what each site in the series illustrates about the forces at work in urban manufacturing. Through additional web content, Making it Here will also explore the land use and urban design challenges facing the manufacturing sector, as well as the unique benefits that an urban context offers manufacturers. In a city like New York, where many hyper-specialized economic sectors coexist in a densely populated space, demand is diverse and sophisticated, and more flexible production and distribution networks become vital. Given the high environmental costs associated with mass production and globalized supply chains, the “new manufacturing” spaces springing up across the city could even become a critical component of New York’s expansive sustainability goals, turning the old trope of dirty industry on its ear.

“Tremendous economic, technological and cultural forces are reshaping manufacturing, and that bodes well for cities” said Adam Friedman, director of the Pratt Center for Community Development and founder of the buy-local Made In NYC campaign.  “The need to reduce energy consumption, the benefits of having designers and producers clustered closely together so that they can innovate new products, and growing consumer demand for local products are driving the growth of local companies.  However, if the city wants to reap all of the benefits of this process we have to make sure that companies are able to scale up locally, which requires adequate industrial space among other things.”

In a city where demand for space is so high, where does manufacturing fit in? And in the age of globalization, when you can make something anywhere, what are the benefits of making it here? We look forward to exploring these and other questions with you over the coming year.

Making It Here is organized by Open House New York in partnership with NYCEDC, as well as with the Pratt Center for Community Development and Vertical Urban Factory. Click here to view the  schedule of upcoming events.